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[幼儿园点评] 如何应对高中英语阅读理解中的"否定"考查方式

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心比天低一些 发表于 2017-5-17 11:23:58 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式 打印 上一主题 下一主题
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  高中英语阅读了解中有哪些常见的"否认"考察方式,每一种方式都如何应对?以下北京新东方
了解中常见的"否认"考察方式
  ① 形容词和副词,比方little,few,never,hardly,seldom等
  ② 动词,比优能一对一部高中英语资深教员孙教师解读学习办法,经过案例解说的方式协助同窗们更好地控制学问点内容。
  1、阅读如stop,avoid, fail等
  ③ 介词,比方instead of, rather than,too…to…, from,without等
  例题1 2016年北京卷C篇
  65. According to Paragraph 5, lead poisoning _____.
  A. makes condors too nervous to fly
  B. has little effect on condors' kidneys
  C. can hardly be gotten rid of from condors' blood
  D. makes it different for condors to produce baby birds
  【第五段】Lead poisonous has proved more difficult to deal with. When condors eat dead bodies of other animals containing lead, they absorb large quantities of lead. This affects their nervous systems and ability to produce baby birds, and can lead to kidney(肾) failures and death. So condors with high levels of lead are sent to Los Angeles Zoo, where they are treated with calcium EDTA, a chemical that removes lead from the blood over several days. This work is starting to pay off. The annual death rate for adult condors has dropped from 38% in 2000 to 5. 4% in 2011.
  北京新东方优能一对一部高中英语孙教师解释道这道题前3个选项都触及到"否认"的含义,比方A项中too..to…,B项中little,C项中hardly。A项意义"使秃鹫太慌张而无法飞行",B项意义"对秃鹫的肾简直没有影响",C项意义"简直不能从秃鹫的血液中肃清掉",D项意义"对秃鹫繁衍产生影响"。依照优能一对一课堂上,我们所讲的细节题的解题办法可知,先找出关键词,然后回原位定位,停止信息比拟。原文中nervous所在的位置,提到nervous system,A项与之无关,扫除。原文中kidney所在的位置,提到kidney failure,即肾衰,也就是铅中毒会惹起肾衰,B项相反,扫除。原文blood所在的位置,提到remove lead from blood,即从血液中肃清,C项相反,扫除。原文baby birds所在的位置,提到This affects their nervous systems and ability to produce baby birds,即这(铅中毒)影响他们的神经系统和繁衍才能,所以与D项含义相同,D项是正确答案。
  例题2 2015年北京卷C篇
  65. One way for an animal to become transparent is to _____.
  A. change the direction of light travel
  B. gather materials to scatter light.
  C. avoid the absorption of light
  D. grow bigger to stop light.
  【第五段】To become transparent, an animal needs to keep its body from absorbing or scattering light. Living materials can stop light because they contain pigments(色素)that absorb specific colors of light. But a transparent animal doesn't have pigments, so its tissues won't absorb light. According to Johnsen, avoiding absorption is actually easy. The real challenge is preventing light from scattering.
  依照北京新东方优能一对一教师课堂上所讲的细节题的办法,可知依据题干中的"to become transparent"作为关键信息词,定位至第五段中的首句,To become transparent, an animal needs to keep its body from absorbing or scattering light。 在这句话中呈现了keep…from这个构造,表示阻止……去做某事,或者使……不去做某事。因而这句话含义为为了变成透明的,一个动物需求阻止它的身体吸收或者散射光线。选项C中avoid the absorption of light,意义是防止吸收光线,也就是不去吸收光线的意义。C项与原文含义相同,是正确答案。
  例题3 2014年北京卷C篇
  65. According to the writer, which of the following statements is a good goal?
  A. "I'll give up desert."
  B. "I'll study harder."
  C. "I'll cut down my expense"
  D. "I'll spend more time with my family"
  【A项原文】Instead of resolving to lose weight, try an actionable resolution: "I'll stop having desert for lunch," or "I'll walk every day for 20 minutes."
  【B项原文】Fryer's conclusion was that the intensives for inputs might be more effective because do not know how to do better on exam, aside from general rules like "study harder."
  【C项原文】If you want to cut down on your spending, a good goal would be making morning coffee at home instead of going to a cafe, for example.
  【D项原文】Similarly, if you want to spend more time with your family, don't stop with this general wish. Think bout an actionable habit that you could adopt and stick to, like a family movie night every Wednesday.
  A项原文中含有instead of表示否认,意义是不是决计减肥,而是尝试一种可行的决议"我不再以甜食作为午餐"或者"每天走20分钟",可知A项被评价为可行的,所以是正确答案。
  B项原文中含有aside from表示除了,意义是弗莱尔的结论是关于输入的鼓励愈加有效,由于学生不晓得如何考出考成果,除了泛泛的规则"努力学习",可知B想被评价为泛泛的,所以错误。
  C项原文中含有instead of表示否认,意义是假如你想减少开支,好的目的应该是在家煮咖啡而不是去咖啡馆,可知C项不是好目的,所以错误。
  D项原文中含有don't 表示否认,意义是类似的,假如你想花更多时间陪伴家人,不要止于这个大约的想法。思索一个可行的你能够采用并且坚持的习气,比方每周三晚上家庭电影。可知D项是个大约的想法,所以错误。
  综上,北京新东方优能一对一部高中英语孙教师罗列了与形容词、副词、动词、介词相关的否认词汇的考察点,希望可以协助应考的同窗。

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